8. Nested enterprises
(CPRs that are parts of larger systems).
Local boundaries, local conditions, local sanctions, local monitoring, local adjudications, local decision making; locality and peer relationships are the key to understanding, designing, and managing common pool resources. Before the distance, size, or context become too large for local sense-making, local culture, local compassion and caring; then one must add layers of governance that manages the local effects on a common pool resource that is larger than local.
As I understand Ostrom’s writing, the governors of the larger than local pool must be made up of local appropriators–not proxies for appropriators.